Elements of Art

Line Color Shape Texture Space Value  Form

* Click on the jewels above to learn about these elements *

Every drawing, painting, and sculpture uses the
7 Elements of Art

The way the elements of art are used is called
the Principles of Art.
We'll talk about those later.

Line
~ There are so many different kinds of lines ~
And so many tools to make the different lines


Here are 2 good examples of a variety of lines.

Wassily Kandinsky

M.C. Escher's "Hands"

COLOR
Primary Colors      Secondary Colors
All colors in the world start from the 3 primary colors.

 

You can mix any color you want using combinations of
blue, yellow, red, black and white !
If you mix all 3 primarycolors, you get
brown !

 

That's pretty simple too !

 

Claude Monet; "Waterlilies"

Franz Marc; "Blue Horse"


 

SHAPE

 
GEOMETRIC
SHAPES
 
 
ORGANIC
SHAPES
 

6

 

  D  
 
       

 


Paul Cezanne; "Still Life"

This is a good example 
of use of shape.

Pablo Picasso; "Violin"  
This is also a good example of use of shape.  
 


 


  TEXTURE

Texture is all about the way things feel to the touch.


Tree bark 
Kinds of Texture
Silky
Fuzzy 

Rough
  Smooth
Jagged 

Sandy
  Soft
Ridged 

Shiny
  Stony

Texture can be Real (actually feel like it looks)
or Implied (painted to look like a certain texture)

  Franz Marc; 
  "Cat on a Yellow Pillow"

~ good example of fuzzy and 
   soft texture ~


Ralph Goings; "Still Life"
~ an excellent example of shiny texture ~


 

SPACE
POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE SPACE            Near space and far space

 

M.C. Escher; 2 Tessellations showing a design
in the positive space and the negative space.


Salvador Dali; "Girl at Window" 


 

VALUE
Value is pretty simple.
It means darks and lights of the same color.

   

Examples of Value:

 
   
dark and light values of green dark and light values of purple
   
dark and light values of gray dark and light values of red
   
dark and light values of blue

 

 
 
How to mix lighter values:

      RED plus WHITE = TINT 
GREEN plus WHITE = TINT
   BLUE plus WHITE = TINT
BLACK plus WHITE = TINT

How to mix darker values:

RED plus BLACK = SHADE
GREEN plus BLACK = SHADE
BLUE plus BLACK = SHADE
VIOLET plus BLACK = SHADE

 

 
Santos; "Still Life"

Notice all the different values
(darks and lights) of each color.


Salvador Dali; "Basket of Bread"

 
Forms are 3-D (3-dimensional) They have:

heighth

width

depth

You can see all around it:

   
from on top from the front:

from the back:

Examples of Forms:

   

cylinder

sphere

cone

     
     
 

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