Revolutionary Era 1763-1783

The study of the Revolutionary Era begins with the French and Indian war and ends with the Treaty of Paris in 1783.The essential understandings for this study include the causes and responsibilities for the outbreak of the American Revolution; the principles of the Declaration of Independence; the main stages of the Revolutionary War; and the role of leadership. The Revolution severed the colonial relationship to England and legally created the United States.

It formulated the political philosophy and laid the foundations for the system of government under which we live. The revolution was inspired by ideas concerning natural rights and political authority that caused the event to be seen as both an American and a world event.

 

View Critical Questions View Key Terms  View Unit Outline
     

 

Critical Questions

 

Back to top

Key Terms

KEY TERMS

KEY PEOPLE

KEY PLACES

KEY EVENTS

tyranny

revenue

boycott

writs of assistance

Minutemen

militia

Patriots

Loyalists

artillery

Continental Army

Common Sense

The Crisis

Declaration of  

      Independence

mercenary

strategy

rendezvous

convert

ally

bayonet

privateer

merchant ship

bombard

free enterprise

republicanism

 

Other Vocabulary

Redcoats

Hessians

repeal

petition

guerrilla warfare

revolution

treaty

negotiate

arsenal

consent of the governed

unalienable rights

popular sovereignty

traitor

neutral

ratify

King George III

Patrick Henry

Sons & Daughters

   of Liberty

Crispus Attucks

Samuel Adams

John Adams

Paul Revere

Abigail Adams

Ethan Allen

Benedict Arnold

Thomas Paine

Thomas Jefferson

George Washington

Chief Joseph

Benjamin Franklin

John Paul Jones

George Rogers Clark

 

 

 

Other People

Mary Katherine Goddard

Nathan Hale

Gen. Von Steuben

Gen. Charles Cornwallis

Marquis de Lafayette

Haym Saloman

James Forten

Ohio River Valley

Lexington

Concord

Bunker Hill

Trenton

Princeton

Saratoga

Valley Forge

Yorktown

 

 

Other Places

Quebec

Montreal

Fort Duquesne

Delaware River

 

Albany Plan of  Union

Quartering Act

Sugar Act

Stamp Act

Townshend Acts

Boston Massacre

Tea Act

Boston Tea Party Intolerable Acts

First Continental

    Congress

Second Continental

    Congress

Treaty of Paris 1783

 

 

Back to top

Outline

I.     French and Indian War

         A. Causes

                1. political - British, French, and Indian all claim same lands

                2. economic - settlers desire for more land

                3. geographic - desired land in Ohio River Valley

          B. Effects

                1. political- Americans extremely happy with Britain

                2. economic- Britain in debt

                3. geographic - Britain wins and get land

C.      Washington emerges as leader

D.      Treaty of Paris 1763

II.    New Problems

           A.  Pontiac's Rebellion

          B.  Proclamation of 1763

           C. Navigation Acts

          D. Quartering

          E.  Stamp Acts

III.   Colonial Reactions

            A.  Stamp Act Congress

            B.  Sons & Daughters of Liberty

IV.  Further British Acts

            A.  Declaratory Act

            B.  Townshend Act

V.  Further Colonial Reactions

            A.  Boycotts & Committees of Correspondence

            B.  Virginia Resolutions

            C.  Boston Massacre 

           D.  Boston Tea Party

VI.  Other British Laws

            A.  Intolerable Acts

            B.  Quebec Act

VII.  War: Beginning

            A.  First Continental Congress

            B.  "Give me liberty or give me death"

            C.  Gage's Plan

            D.  Lexington and Concord

           E.   Bunker Hill

           F. Common Sense

           G.  Declaration of Independence

                 1. Roots of democracy

                       a. Magna Carta.

                       b. English Bill of Rights,

                       c. Mayflower Compact

     2. Parts

                          a. Preamble

                          b. Grievances

                          c. Important political ideas

(1)     equality for all

(2)      inalienable rights

(3)     popular sovereignty

(4)      justifiable revolution

      H.   Second Continental Congress

                  1. Olive Branch Petition

                  2.  George III declares rebellion

3.       Washington appointed Commander-in-Chief

4.       Voting for independence

VIII..    Course of War

         A.  Trenton and Princeton

         B.  Saratoga

                 1. turning point of the war

                   2. Foreign aid France

        C. Articles of Confederation drafted

                 1. Need for central government emerged

                 2.. through loose alliance of states

         D.  Winter at Valley Forge

                   1.  Suffering

                   2.  Von Steuben (German) train troops

                 3. The Crisis

                 4. Crossing the Delaware

     E.  Fighting in the West and South

                   1.  Ohio Valley     

                 2.  Charleston

                   3.  Yorktown - final battle

IX.   Results

       A.  Treaty of Paris - 1783

                1.  Provisions

                2.  Effects

                                  a.  injustices to Loyalists

                          b.  end to aristocracy

                      c.  new territory created

                      d.  new opportunities

            B. Emergence of national identity = USA

 

Back to top